Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is the process in which the sperm cell is washed and concentrated so that only the healthy sperms survive and then these sperm cells are directly placed in the uterus with the use of a small catheter when an ovary releases one or more eggs and hence certainly leads to fertilization. It’s a type of artificial insemination and is mostly used to treat infertility. The hoped outcome for this process is the sperm swims the fallopian tubes and fertilizes an egg.
USES OF INTRAUTERINE INSEMINATION
Intrauterine insemination is used for various reasons:
Some women require donor sperm to conceive a child. IUI is used in these scenarios where the sperm is collected and stored and used in the process to achieve pregnancy.
Infertility without an explanation
Since IUI does not have any side effects or significant inconvenience, It s always suggested first by medical professionals to treat unexplained infertility.
Infertility caused due to endometriosis
When a patient is suffering from infertility due to endometriosis, medical professionals suggest medications to obtain healthy eggs and perform IUI to treat infertility.
Subfertility or mild male factor infertility
If the analysis of sperm cells shows low movement, if a person is suffering from low sperm count or abnormalities in sperm shape and size then medical professionals suggest IUI separate the healthy sperm using this procedure to achieve fertility.
Infertility caused due to cervical factors
The cervix is present in the lower end of the uterus and provides an opening between the vagina and the uterus. It produces mucus during the time of ovulation and it provides an ideal environment so that the sperm cells can easily travel from the vagina to the fallopian tubes. If the mucus produced in the cervix is too thick, it may impede the transportation of the sperm and prevent the sperm to reach the egg. This can be caused by biopsy or other medical procedures, IUI bypasses the cervix and helps the sperm to reach the egg causing fertilization.
Infertility caused due to ovulatory factors
IUI is also suggested by medical professionals, for women who suffer from infertility due to problems related to ovulation which can be an absence of ovulation or a reduced number of eggs in the female.
Sperm allergy or semen allergy
In some cases, an allergy to proteins can be a cause of infertility. It may cause redness in the vagina during ejaculation, burning, and swelling of the skin where the semen makes contact. The use of condoms during contraception may prevent the symptoms but cannot cure infertility. IUI can be used to overcome these scenarios since the protein is removed during the process. Intrauterine insemination is an effective way to overcome infertility for people who are unable to conceive a child. It does not have any major side effects and the process does not cause any inconvenience to the person who is undergoing this process. It is preferred by most medical professionals if the cause of infertility is uncertain.
For more queries you can always consult with the best fertility expert in Siliguri.